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Charging your

electric vehicle

All you need to know about charging your electric vehicle
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What Is An Electric Vehicle?
Battery Electric Vehicle  (BEV)
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1
On board charger and Battery Management System
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle(PHEV)
On board charger and the BMS define the EV’s maximum charging power and also manage the charging sequence of the batteries.
2
Electric motor(s)
BEVs may have 1 or more electric motors depending on manufacturers decisions
3
Batteries
Batteries may have different technologies. Most common type is Li-ion batteries which we are using almost in every daily used devices such as mobiles and laptops. Battery capacity has an important effect on range.
4
AC or DC connectors
There are different types of connectors depending on car manufacturers and also geographical place of the vehicle. (same car model have different connector type depending on country).
5
AC or DC charging equipment
All BEVs need to be plugged to electrical power supply. Depending on availability and compatibility of the vehicles this charging equipment can be an AC or a DC charger.
EV JARGON EXPLAINED
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BEV - Battery Electric Vehicles

These are fully electric vehicles that are the gold standard in terms of being environmentally friendly. These are plugged into your house or when out and about to charge. These benefit from the grants for home use and from the lowest tax band. For commercial use the incentives are grants/toll reductions and the BIK scheme.

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kW - Kilowatt

When you are buying an EV, the battery size will be measured in kW. A kW is basically 1,000watts.

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WLTP - (Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure)

This is the new measurement for fuel consumption for a car, it is a laboratory test that is more accurate than the old NEDC test as it uses real world scenarios. It is now European law to use this method. You will often see this abbreviation beside the average range of an electric vehicle.

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EV (Electric Vehicle)

A broad category that includes all vehicles that are fully powered by Electricity or an Electric Motor.

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Range Anxiety

 

Worry or stress that is caused due to the fear that an electric car will run out of battery power before the destination is reached.

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Socket Types

There are a few different socket types, please see below for information:

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PHEV - Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

These have both a regular combustion engine and a smaller battery than a BEV. The fuel engine kicks in when the battery is low and these are plugged in to charge the battery at home or when out and about.

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DC and AC

Smaller home chargers and commercial chargers are run on AC power and ultra fast public chargers are run on DC power.

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OCPP - Open Charge Point Protocol

This is the new measurement for fuel consumption for a car, it is a laboratory test that is more accurate than the old NEDC test as it uses real world scenarios. It is now European law to use this method. You will often see this abbreviation beside the average range of an electric vehicle.

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EVC (Electric Vehicle Charger)

Infrastructure designed to supply power to EVs. EVC can charge a wide variety of EVs including BEVs and PHEVs.

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 ICE (Internal Combustion Engine)

 

An ICE is powered by combustible fuel, often petroleum or natural gas products.

 

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ICED

 

When an Internal Combustion Engine, parks in an Electric Car Charging bay.

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In addition to this there are two types of plug for each type of charger, please see below for details.
Type 1
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These are a 5 prong connector that offer slow/fast AC home charging and are now quite rare here. Some older Kia models and the Citroen C-Zero have this type of connector, but you won't find many Type one car charger units when you are out and about. This is easily solved however, as you can buy a lead which converts a Type 1 connector into the more popular Type 2 connector.
Type 2
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This is the more common version used for slow/fast home AC charging. It has a 7 prong connector and is what we use for all of our charger units. This is the connector that the EU recommends.
CHAdeMO
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This is a rapid DC charger unit for up to 50 kw which wouldn't be for home use. Nissan, Citroen and older Kia models use this system. It is capable of bi-directional charging which means electricity can flow from the car to the charger as well as from the charger to the car. It is not as popular as the CCS DC charger below. If your car has this type of socket, then it will also have a type 1 or type 2 socket for home use.
CCS
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This is also a rapid DC charger used by Volkswagen, Hyundai, Jaguar, BMW and newer Kia models. Most charge points are 50kW but newer points will have CCS chargers capable of 150kW. A combined type 2 with CCS socket is now becoming very popular with car brands for both slow AC at home charging
There is a €600 grant available from the SEAI to home owners installing a home electric car charger. Our RECI certified electricians will work with you in filling in the paperwork upon installation, you must have had your letter of offer from the SEAI before the car charger is installed. Please see the SEAI website here for more information
Manufacturer
Model
Type
Charger Connection Type
Battery Size
Charge Time using 7.4kW Alumina Charger *
Rapid Charge
Miles / KM Range
Audi
E-Tron
EV
Type 2
95 kW
9 Hours
Yes
280Mi/450km
Audi
A3 E-Tron
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
8.8 kW
2.5 Hours
No
29Mi/47km
Audi
Q7 E-Tron
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
17.3 kW
4.5 Hours
No
35Mi/56km
BMW
330e
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
7.6 kW
2.5 Hours
No
25Mi/40km
BMW
530e
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
9 kW
3 Hours
No
31Mi/50km
BMW
i3
EV
Type 2
42.2 kW
4.5 Hours
Yes - CCS
160Mi/257km
BMW
i8
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
11.6 kW
3 Hours
No
23Mi/37km
CITROEN
C-Zero
EV
Type 1
14.5 kW
7 Hours
Yes
93Mi/149km
Hyundai
IONIQ
EV
Type 2
28 kW
4 Hours
Yes - CCS
174Mi/280km
Hyundai
IONIQ
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
8.9 kW
2.5 Hours
No
39Mi/62km
Hyundai
KONA
EV
Type 2
39 kW
10.5 Hours
Yes
180Mi/290km
Jaguar
I-Pace
EV
Type 2
90 kW
9 Hours
Yes
292Mi/470km
Land Rover
Range Rover 400e
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
13 kW
13 Hours
Yes
25Mi/40km
Kia
Niro
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
8.9 kW
7.5 Hours
Yes
36Mi/58km
Kia
Niro
EV
Type 2
64 kW
2.5 Hours
No
382Mi/614km
Kia
Optima
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
11.3 kW
10.5 Hours
Yes
38Mi/61km
Kia
e-Soul Long Range
EV
Type 2
64 kW
13 Hours
Yes
281Mi/452km
Peugeot
e-2008 SUV
EV
Type 2
50 kW
7.5 Hours
Yes - CHAdeMO
193Mi/310km
Porsche
Panamera e
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
14.1 kW
2.5 Hours
Yes
30Mi/48km
Tesla
Model S
EV
Type 2
70 kW
10 Hours
No
240Mi/386km
Tesla
Model X
EV
Type 2
70 kW
3.5 Hours
AC
240Mi/386km
Tesla
Model 3
EV
Type 2
50 kW
9.5 Hours
AC
220Mi/354km
Volkswagen
e-Golf
EV
Type 2
36 kW
8 Hours
AC
186Mi/300km
Volkswagen
Gold GTE
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
8.7 kW
4.5 Hours
Yes - CCS
31Mi/50km
Volkswagen
Passat GTE
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
9.9 kW
10 Hours
No
35Mi/56km
Mercedes Benz
C300 de EQ Power
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
13.5 kW
10 Hours
No
30Mi/48km
Mercedes Benz
E350 e
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
6.2 kW
7 Hours
No
19Mi/30km
Mercedes Benz
EQC
EV
Type 2
80 kW
5 Hours
Yes
249Mi/400km
Nissan
e-NV200
EV
Type 1
28 kW
3 Hours
Yes
106Mi/170km
Nissan
LEAF (pre2018)
EV
Type 1
30 kW
3 Hours
CHAdeMO
155Mi/250km
Nissan
LEAf 2018
EV
Type 1
40 kW
1.5 Hours
CHAdeMO
168Mi/270km
Mini
Countryman
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
7.6 kW
2 Hours
Yes
12Mi/19km
Mitsubishi
Outlander
Plug in Hybrid
Type 1
9.8 kW
11 Hours
No
33Mi/53km
Renault
Zoe
EV
Type 2
40 kW
4 Hours
CHAdeMO
150Mi/240km
Renault
Kangoo Z.E
EV
Type 2
33 kW
4.5 Hours
Yes
124Mi/200km
Renault
Master Z.E
EV
Type 2
5.5 kW
6 Hours
Yes
110Mi/177km
Smart
EQ ForFour
EV
Type 2
17.6 kW
2.5 Hours
Yes
98Mi/157km
Smart
EQ forTwo
EV
Type 2
17.6 kW
2.5 Hours
No
98Mi/157km
Toyota
Prius
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
8.8 kW
3 Hours
No
31Mi/50km
Volvo
V90
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
9.2 kW
3 Hours
No
50Mi/80km
Volvo
XC60
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
10.4 kW
2 Hours
No
28Mi/40km
Volvo
V60
Plug in Hybrid
Type 2
12 kW
4 Hours
No
50Mi/80km
*Times for a car with 7.4kW charge capacity